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Symptoms of a diabetic coma and what are the ways to treat it

Symptoms of a diabetic coma and what is the first aid at home, a diabetic coma can affect a person with diabetes if he has a high or low level of sugar in the blood or other substances in the body.

Despite this, with immediate treatment, recovery can be achieved quickly, but in the absence of attention and treatment received late, this may lead to death or brain damage.

Symptoms of a diabetic coma and what is first aid at home

This article will help you through an article website in identifying the symptoms of a diabetic coma and what is the first aid at home, as follows:

Symptoms of a diabetic coma

Symptoms of low blood sugar level are:

  • Feeling shaky, sweaty and tired.
  • feeling dizzy
  • Feeling of headache.
Eating or drinking a source of glucose will bring your blood glucose back to a healthy range, thus feeling better almost immediately.
If a patient does not notice symptoms or is unable to act on them and their glucose continues to drop, they will become unconscious.
This prolonged loss of consciousness due to different blood sugar levels is called diabetic coma.

First aid at home

If you think you may have a diabetes emergency or have seen someone near you with the same problem, here are some signs to look for to determine the type of emergency:
  • confusion, nausea, dizziness.
  • feeling hungry.
  • Feeling nervous, anxious and shaky.
  • Sweating, chills and pallor of the skin.
  • Rapid pulse and heartbeat.
  • Feeling weak and tired.
  • headache.
  • coma or loss of consciousness.
  • seizures.
  • Weight loss in case of long-term hypoglycemia.
  • Tingling feeling in the mouth.
What you need to do in an emergency for a diabetic
If you or someone near you experiences the above signs, it is important to take the following steps:
  • Sit in a shaded area.
  • Eat something sugary, as this will help bring your sugar level back to normal.
  • If you do not see any improvement in your condition, call for medical help.

High sugar coma treatment

Symptoms of a diabetic coma and what is the first aid at home, the doctor is likely to reverse the state of the diabetic coma as soon as possible, but the treatment depends on the type of disease.

Since this must be done very quickly to prevent complications, diabetic coma is treated with glucose and glucagon injections.

The treatment of diabetic coma with increased blood sugar is water and insulin, and it will be noted that the person will begin to recover quickly after starting treatment.

Most people recover fully, however if they do not receive treatment soon after entering a coma there may be long-term effects.

For example the risk of irreversible brain damage.

Without timely treatment, a coma can be fatal. Even if a diabetic coma does not occur, the long-term effect of having blood sugar levels that are often too low or too high can be harmful.

Causes of a diabetic coma

There are three main things that can lead to a diabetic coma, and there are two types of diabetes (Type I and Type II), the first type has two causes, while the second type has one cause.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetic coma is caused by one of the following factors:

  • Low blood glucose level, known as hypoglycemia. 
  • Increased ketone levels in the blood, known as diabetic ketoacidosis. 

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetic coma is caused by one of the following factors:
  • Severe drop in blood sugar level, or increased level of glucose in the blood, which is known as hyperglycemic syndrome.
  • hyperglycemic syndrome
  • Diabetic hyperglycaemic syndrome mostly affects older adults with type 2 diabetes, which is not well controlled.
  • A person with hyperglycemic syndrome will have normal ketone levels in the blood and a normal acid balance.
  • The initial treatment is to inject a saline solution into the veins. This will rehydrate the person and help lower blood glucose levels.
  • They may need insulin, however, if glucose levels do not return to normal with untreated rehydration, hyperglycemic syndrome (diabetic coma) can lead to vascular complications, such as heart attack, stroke or blood clots.
  • Hypoglycemia, if the blood glucose level drops sharply and is less than 70 mg/dL. 
According to studies and research, it has been proven that a person who suffers from type 1 diabetes often suffers from low blood sugar twice a week.

While people with type 2 diabetes who use insulin are less likely to develop hypoglycemia, there is still the possibility of a diabetic coma.
Sometimes hypoglycemia occurs only in people receiving insulin therapy.

But it can happen with oral medications that raise the level of insulin in the body.

Factors that result in hypoglycemia

  • Take a lot of medication.
  • lack of food
  • Do a lot of exercise
  • And various other factors. 

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Ketoacidosis occurs when the level of ketones in the blood becomes too high and the level of acid in the blood increases.

Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the most serious complications for people with type 1 diabetes, and it can result in a diabetic coma.

The levels of ketones in the blood can become very high if the patient uses fats as an energy source instead of sugar.

This often occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes for several different reasons, including not receiving enough insulin.

Patients with diabetic ketoacidosis have high levels of glucose in their blood, because sugar cannot pass from the blood into the cells.

The body tries to lower high glucose levels by allowing the glucose to leave the body through the urine, however this also causes the body to lose a lot of water.

Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis

  • feeling tired and thirsty
  • The need to urinate frequently.
  • Plus an upset stomach with nausea and vomiting.
  • Redness and dryness of the skin
  • shortness of breath 
Treatment is with insulin doses and fluid intake.
It is an emergency situation that needs immediate care because it can result in a diabetic coma.
If left untreated, diabetic ketoacidosis can be life-threatening.

Preventing a diabetic coma

Symptoms of a diabetic coma and what are the first aid at home, to reduce the risk of developing a diabetic coma, the following must be followed:
  • Learn how high and low your blood glucose feels.
  • Check your blood glucose levels, especially when you are sick.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption and avoid alcohol after strenuous exercise.
  • Test your blood ketone levels if you have type 1 diabetes.
  • After exercising, watch for signs of low blood sugar, especially at night.
At the end of the article, the symptoms of a diabetic coma and what is first aid at home, we have provided you with detailed information on this subject; We hope that the article has been useful to you and received your approval!

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