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Causes of blood clotting in the legs and how to deal with it

Causes of blood clotting in the leg and leg, blood clotting is a disease that affects not a few people suddenly, and this clotting occurs due to the formation of blood clots in the deep veins that are found in the body, and they usually appear clearly in the legs

 It causes a person pain and swelling in the legs and has many causes and symptoms, and this is what we will discuss in detail in the following lines.

Causes of blood clotting in the legs and feet

Blood clotting disease is considered one of the most common and dangerous health problems that affect the leg or leg in particular, as it often occurs without causes and can also occur due to many reasons, the most important of which are the following:
  • Sitting for long periods without movement. 
  • Those who suffer from obesity or varicose veins.
  • Lack of movement.
  • after surgery.
  • In some women who use birth control pills.
  • During pregnancy and after childbirth.
  • Those who have problems with clotting or blood vessels.
  • After exposure to severe injuries.
  • smoking.
  • cancer.
  • heart problems;
  • genetics.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Age if the patient is over 60 years old.

What is coagulopathy?

  • Blood clotting in the leg and legs, or what is known as a leg clot, is the condition that forms as a result of blood clotting in one of those veins returning from the heart carrying blood inside.
  • This leads to the formation of a barrier that causes its blockage and the lack of blood flow through it, and a leg clot occurs as a result of the slow blood flow in the veins.
  • This is due to lack of physical activity and immobility for long periods, or lying in bed.
  • Superficial thrombosis is treated with medication, but deep thrombosis is more dangerous than superficial and usually occurs in the thigh or lower leg.
  • But it can also develop in other areas of the body, and deep thrombosis is a very dangerous condition because clots in the veins may break free and travel through the bloodstream and settle in the lungs and prevent blood flow.
  • This creates a case of pulmonary embolism, which appears with symptoms such as difficulty breathing, dizziness, fainting, rapid pulse, or coughing up blood.

Symptoms of blood clotting

Blood clots may occur in any of the veins in the lower extremities, but it is more common in the veins in the legs, which is more common in pregnant women and those with heavy weights. 000000

Or those who stand at work for long hours without rest, and some symptoms that indicate blood clotting disease in the leg may appear in many forms, such as:

Pain in feet and leg

  • Foot pain is one of the pains that result from a blood clot in the leg, when there is a blockage in the blood flow at this time, the tissues cannot get enough oxygen from the blood, so the patient feels pain and anesthesia.

skin redness

  • One of the symptoms of thrombosis in the thigh or leg is the appearance of some redness of the skin with an increase in body temperature.

high body temperature

  • The presence of a blood clot in the leg causes infections that lead to a high temperature.

skin discoloration

  • The area of ​​the feet appears pale and cool to the touch due to the reduced blood flow.

leg pain

  • The pain usually begins in the calf muscle, and cramps and severe pain may also be felt when walking.

swelling

  • Swelling is one of the main symptoms of blood clotting in the leg. It may occur in one or both legs, but it is rare in both legs.

swollen legs

  • The thrombosis of the veins appears permanently and is mostly clear and large and is prominent in the skin, and we can feel it when touching it, with a circular swelling in the places of clotting.

Diagnosis of blood clotting disease in the legs and feet

When one of the above signs is present, the doctor performs some medical tests to diagnose and know the causes of clotting, and the doctor does the following:

 Ultrasound examination

  • For proper examination and to confirm the diagnosis of a person with blood clotting in the leg, and to check the rate of blood flow in the clotted veins.
  • The pregnant woman can also perform the examination without fear of its side effects on the fetus, in order to use the same ultrasound scan that is used in the ultrasound examination of the fetus.

CT scan and MRI

  • It is done through a blood test via CT or MRI venography, to reach the correct diagnosis behind the formation of these clots.

How to deal with blood clotting in the leg and legs

The doctor takes some measures that help treat the problem of blood clotting in the leg and legs, the most important of which are the following:
  • The doctor prescribes some appropriate medications that speed up the rate of blood flow in the veins.
  • We must raise the leg and wear compression stockings that reduce the symptoms of a clot in the leg and those symptoms such as swelling and pain. 

Risk factors and complications of blood clotting in the legs and feet

Blood clotting can cause many complications that affect a person's health when neglected, the most prominent of which are the following:
  • Pulmonary embolism. 
  • Breathing problems.
  • bleeding;
  • severe chest pain;
  • Blood coming out when sneezing and coughing.
  • Fatigue, feeling tired and exhausted.
  • Post-phlebitis syndrome.

Methods of treating blood clotting in the legs and feet

There are many treatment methods that differ according to each disease condition, which is determined by the specialist doctor for the patient. The treatment methods include the following:
  • surgery.
  • pharmaceutical.
  • Inserting a filter into a vein from the abdomen to prevent a pulmonary embolism.
  • Weight Loss.
  • Constant movement.
  • Wearing compression stockings. 

Ways to prevent blood clots in the legs and feet

To protect against exposure to this common health problem, you should pay attention to following some preventive methods, the most important of which are the following:
  • Aerobic exercises work to stimulate blood circulation in the body.
  • Walk for half an hour daily.
  • Not sitting for long periods of time continuously.
  • Get rid of fat.
  • Not smoking at all.
  • Eat healthy.
  • Minimize food rich in fat and calories.
  • Drink plenty of water and fluids throughout the day.
  • In the end, it becomes clear to us that blood clotting usually occurs in the veins returning from the heart, carrying blood inside, through the accumulation of part of the blood cells in one of the areas of the vein, and this creates a barrier that prevents the blood from flowing into the vein normally. 
When one of the above-mentioned symptoms appears, you should go directly to the doctor to undergo tests that detect pulmonary embolism or not, with the immediate start of appropriate treatment.

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